How old is cacao? New research pushes back date

But the tests indicate the civilization used the cacao seed, not just the fruity pulp. The seeds are the part of the cacao pod used to make chocolate. Scientists mostly agree that cacao was first domesticated in South America instead of Central America as previously believed. One tested for the presence of theobromine, a key compound in cacao; another tested for preserved particles that help archeologists identify ancient plant use; a third used DNA testing to identify cacao. Residue from one ceramic artifact estimated to be 5, to 5, years old tested positive for cacao by all three methods. Others tested positive for cacao traces as well, but were not as old. But by the time Spanish explorers arrived in Central America in the late s, they found people were using it to make hot and cold chocolate drinks with spices, often with a foamy top. They did not contain milk, Norton said, and when they were sweetened, it was with honey.

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In case anyone out there is still wondering, these are not apps for the relationship-inclined. Getting your foot past the boudoir or even just the front door on dating apps is often based on looks alone. Most guys I matched with immediately propositioned me with sex.

 · Of Hydraulic Fracturing and Drinking Water. By Jeremy Miller June 30, am June 30, am. A worker reaches for a pipe at a hydraulic fracturing unit outside of Decatur, Tex. The fluids used in the industry might soon face federal legislation. (Brandon Thibodeaux for The New York Times) Post updated, 07/01; ://

The horn is in her right hand, its opening facing upward and toward her face, but it is of course impossible to be certain whether she was intended as using it for drinking. It may be that drinking from horns was already common in Bronze Age Mycenaean Greece , but the horns had been replaced by vessels of clay or metal at an early time, possibly still called keras “horn” for some time, but known as rhyton in classical times. Rhyta were also known in Achaemenid Persia , typically made from precious metal.

Xenophon ‘s account of his dealings with the Thracian leader Seuthes suggests that drinking horns were integral part of the drinking kata ton Thrakion nomon “after the Thracian fashion”. Diodorus gives an account of a feast prepared by the Getic chief Dromichaites for Lysimachus and selected captives, and the Getians’ use of drinking vessels made from horn and wood is explicitly stated. The Scythian elite did also use horn-shaped rhyta made entirely from precious metal.

A notable example is the 5th century BC gold-and-silver rhython in the shape of a Pegasus which was found in in Ulyap , Adygea , now at the Museum of Oriental Art in Moscow. It is more difficult to assess the role of plain animal horns as everyday drinking vessels, because these decay without a trace, while the metal fittings of the ceremonial drinking horns of the elite are preserved archaeologically.

Julius Caesar has a description of Gaulish use of aurochs drinking horns cornu urii in De bello gallico 6. Haec studiose conquisita ab labris argento circumcludunt atque in amplissimis epulis pro poculis utuntur. They are much sought-after, their rim fited with silver, and they are used at great feasts as drinking vessels. After the discovery of the first of these horns in , Christian IV of Denmark by did refurbish it into a usable drinking horn, adding a rim, extending its narrow end and closing it up with a screw-on pommel.

These horns are the most spectacular known specimens of Germanic Iron Age drinking horns, but they were sadly lost in and are now only known from 17th to 18th century drawings.

The Ultimate ‘Friends’ Thanksgiving Drinking Game

The year-old star has been dating quietly amid a turbulent and ongoing divorce from Jolie, which has still not been finalized due to a bitter custody battle over their six children. Oxman denied any romantic relationship in an interview with The New York Times earlier this month, and Page Six recently reported that the instructor of media arts and sciences is now engaged to billionaire hedge-fund manager Bill Ackman.

Pitt met her while both were involved in an architecture project at MIT. Getty Imagses Then, on Oct.

 · Updated, Jan., | Below, a roundup of our offerings, from lesson plans to Student Opinion questions, on drugs, alcohol and tobacco — with a special focus on how they affect ://

Joss Whedon at Amazon August 21 Best gay dating site for serious relationships 15 years is a long time and a lot of water has flowed under the bridge. But now it’s time to say goodbye. No more threads after this one, we’re closing down. The site will at some stage become a read only site. So if you want to leave your contact details in this thread for other posters to get in touch that would be great otherwise email us at whedonesque gmail.

The admins would like to thank the posters at this site. You made this site and we wouldn’t have lasted as long as we could without you.

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Morgan , [25] Christopher Morgan , [26] and Edward B. We do not believe that everything in Society is either exactly right or exactly wrong;—what is good we desire to preserve and improve;—what is evil, to exterminate, or reform. In , the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California.

However, the effort failed once local California newspapers came into prominence. The hyphen in the city name was dropped on December 1, One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair , the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone.

 · Credit Ruth Fremson/The New York Times This past week’s topic for New Parent/Old Parent was teenage drinking and how to deal with it as a parent (and there were comments).

Thank you for subscribing! This means that the law cannot assign legal responsibility to an individual who lacks the mental capacity or maturity to fully understand the consequences of their actions. This often arises when a child commits a serious crime and prosecutors must decide whether to charge the child as an adult. It also applies to everyday situations that require the consent of a parent, such as most contractual agreements. New York’s legal ages laws, for instance, establish an “age of majority” of 18 at which an individual is legally considered an adult.

Minors in New York may consent to medical treatment if they are married, a parent of a child patient, or in an emergency. While New York does not provide a formal procedure for the emancipation of minors, the court may grant a minor’s request for emancipation in some rare instances. Generally, a New York court may consider a minor emancipated if he or she is: At least 16; Living separately from the parents; Not relying on parents for living expenses; and Able to manage his or her financial affairs.

This chart provides the basics of New York legal age laws.

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Many of the places are patrolled by the authorities, trespassers will be prosecuted. Adirondack Mountains – Big Moose lake – This was featured on unsolved mysteries and is the topic of books, and a movie called a place in the sun. In the early s Grace Brown was drowned by her fiance, Chester Gilette.

 · With the start of summer vacation, underage drinking invariably goes up.A Room for Debate forum last week discussed the effectiveness of laws that make it a crime for parents to allow their teenagers to host parties with alcohol. Some parents believe it’s better to host the event than have their kids drink unsupervised and possibly driving :// /teenage-drinking-diaries.

Get more Spoon in your feed. That email doesn’t look right. By adding your email you agree to get updates about Spoon University Healthier When the family Thanksgiving is done, theres nothing better than finding your group and having your own Friendsgiving to celebrate being thankful for each other. And no there’s no friendsgiving like the original ones from the TV show “Friends.

The “Friends” episodes are classics—there’s always some twist and turn that makes every single episode better and funnier than the next. And the Thanksgiving episodes top that list, as the drama gets even crazier and funnier during the holiday that Chandler hates and Monica loves. Whether the friends are reminiscing about old times, watching Ugly Naked Guy through the window, fighting, drinking coffee or wine , visiting Central Perk, arguing, or dating, these episodes are ones that bring the friends together in the best way.

So get your glasses, your favorite slice of pie, your own friends, and your favorite drinks, and get ready to play the ultimate friendsgiving drinking game with all of the “Friends” Thanksgiving episodes.

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A judge was at the wheel. As lawyers used smartphones to snap pictures of the morning spectacle, Judge Lynn D. Rosenthal became the third Broward County judge in six months to be arrested on charges of driving under the influence. A colleague, Judge Gisele Pollack, had been suspended five days earlier after getting arrested on a D.

 · Not particularly well done. Quebec and I believe Alberta are 18 while the rest of Canada is 19, but the map shows them all as The map has the Czech Republic and Slovakia as 18, but growing up there I was told to “finish your beer” since about age :// /06/a-map-of-the-drinking-worl.

Damn those Blue Laws! Most of us in New York have become accustomed to this odd Puritanical obstruction, but recent news that Connecticut was on the path to repealing its Blue Laws opened up old wounds. Everyone made such a big deal about the recent legislation that was passed in Connecticut, and how it was going to make Indiana the last state with strict laws restricting the sale of alcohol on Sunday.

What annoys me is the suggestion that Indiana was the last state standing. Even Fresh Direct refuses to deliver liquor or spirits before 12 noon. Fresh Direct, and all the stores in my neighborhood, keep the prohibition on for an extra four hours. That was the driving rationale behind the new Connecticut legislation. The governor there insisted that future Sundays of alcohol sales would mean a windfall of cash, in the millions; money that presumably flows out of the state for people who buy their liquor in neighboring states.

Again, what everyone, the governor included, seemed to forget, is that New York still has de facto and de jure Blue Laws in effect.

Broward Judges Courtesy of New York Times

About Smoking, Drinking, and Governing: View of the Lovelace Tavern today. Sections of the excavation are on permanent display outside 85 Broad Street. In , the City Council of colonial New York declared that the Stadt Huys, was unfit for use and that government business would be conducted from the adjoining tavern. This was not an extraordinary measure as taverns were central to early colonial life, and several New York taverns served as the official government meeting place during the colonial period.

In fact, the Stadt Huys was originally built as a tavern.

 · While some dating and marital arrangements may border on human trafficking, a less murky option for New York would be an incentives program for

Continue reading the main story New York could find inspiration overseas. Another major city with an even older — although smaller — subway system is also confronting soaring ridership: It is further along in its ambitious effort to modernize its signals and has emerged as a global leader in how to upgrade an aging subway, offering lessons to New York and other cities. London has installed a computerized signal network on four of its 10 main subway lines, and work is underway on four more.

A second line, the No. Credit Kevin Hagen for The New York Times In New York, the plans have been hobbled by an anemic schedule for upgrading tracks, a struggle to secure necessary funding and logistical challenges on a system that never stops running. Officials have also been reluctant to anger riders by closing stations to do the work. It took about a decade to complete the signal network on the L line, and work on the No.

Confronted with infrastructure dating to the s and a vast system of stations the most of any subway in the world , officials are forced to decide which projects to prioritize with limited financing.

The Time I Was a New York Times Best Selling Author (Day 817)